Frequently asked questions on covid-19


In this post, you’ll get answers to your pressing questions about COVID-19. If an in-depth study of the answers here would interest you, we also linked to other useful resources,

Super-spreader, PUI, SARS-CoV2. Do these words confuse you? Check out Cura Network’s post on COVID-19 terminologies.

What is a coronavirus

Coronaviruses are a family of disease-causing viruses in animals. They got their name from the crown-ish spikes on their surfaces. MERS (the Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome) and SARS (the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) are two known diseases that are caused by coronaviruses. The most recent disease from this family of viruses is COVID-19. Just like SARS and MERS, this virus attacks the respiratory system.

What is COVID-19

COVID-19 is a disease caused by a new strain of coronavirus that has not been previously identified in humans.

What is its origin?

The first case of COVID-19 was reported in Wuhan, China on December 31, 2019. Since then, it has found its way to most countries and cities in the world.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19

An infected person experiences fever, constant dry cough and in very severe cases difficulty breathing. While the virus aims for the respiratory system, it usually starts gradually except in special cases known as ASYMPTOMATIC cases.

What is the meaning of asymptomatic

This is a special case of infection where an infected person shows no symptom of the disease until when tested and diagnosed with the disease.

How is COVID-19 diagnosed

Samples from people with a high COVID-19 risk factor, people showing symptoms (or not) of COVID-19 are collected and tested in specially equipped laboratories known as molecular labs.

Want to know how exposed you are to COVID-19? Know your COVID-19 risk level. Take this quick self-assessment test to know your COVID-19 risk level.

How long does it take to manifest in a person

Research and observation have shown that people start displaying symptoms after 14 days of being infected.

How does it spread

Just like the flu, COVID-19 spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough or sneeze. It also spreads when a person touches a surface or object that has the virus on it, then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth. 

Is COVID-19 airborne

Note that COVID-19 does not fly through the air. This means that it is not airborne, but is primarily transmitted through contact. Current findings suggest that COVID-19 can only spread through close contact.

How close is close contact

Close contact is equivalent to spending more than 15 minutes within two meters (5 feet) of an infected person.

Am I at risk of getting infected with COVID-19 from a package?

There is no known case of COVID-19 associated with imported goods, in any country.

Know your COVID-19 risk factor with a quick self-assessment test

Is there a way I can protect myself

Yes, there are plenty of things you can do to stay safe. Start with the basics:

  • First, know your COVID-19 risk level. Take this quick self-assessment test to know your COVID-19 risk level.
  • Refrain from touching your mouth, eyes or nose with your hands.
  • Wash your hands with soap under running water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Sanitize your hands with a hand sanitizer (with at least 60% alcohol) regularly
  • Feeling any of the symptoms, self-isolate and quickly reach out for medical attention.
  • Observe social distancing

What is social distancing

Social distancing refers to all you do to reduce physical contact with people. The aim is to reduce the spread of the disease by not being infected yourself. It involves (but not limited( to the following

  • Avoiding all forms of physical greeting such as handshakes and hugs
  • Maintaining at least 2 meters (5 feet) of physical distance between you and others (especially anyone coughing or sneezing)
  • Avoiding any form of crowded gathering including schools, places of worship, sporting and social events.
  • Stay home if you feel unwell and reach out for medical attention. 

Should I observe social distancing?

Absolutely. It actually begins with you.

Is there a cure for COVID-19

As at the time of writing this, there is no specific cure for COVID-19. Medical Experts all over the world are running trials on drugs for viruses like Ebola, Malaria, and HIV, with no officially declared treatment yet. Work is also ongoing for developing a vaccine for the disease.

What can I do to help reduce the spread of the disease?

Start with staying safe and not getting infected. Then follow basic guidelines

  • Know your COVID-19 risk factor with a quick self-assessment test
  • Observe social distancing 
  • Stay at home
  • Refrain from touching your face (as much as you can)
  • Wash your hands and sanitize regularly
  • Do not spread fake news (verify every news before sharing). Cura Network is collaborating with NCDC and WHO to share only accurate information about the disease.
  • Do not self medicate
  • Feeling some of the symptoms? Self-isolate and reach out for medical attention.

What is self-isolation 

It is simpler than you think. Self-isolation means strictly staying at home or identified accommodation, away from situations where you mix with family members or the general public, for a period of 14 days. This means any situation where you may come in close contact with others (face to face contact closer than 2 meters i.e. 5 feet).

Who should self-isolate?

You, and everyone else 

  • Who is having symptoms consistent with COVID-19
  • Who traveled to a place/country with reported cases of COVID-19

Check out the NCDC guide on self-isolation

Can infected persons recover from covid-19?

Thousands of infected persons have recovered and discharged all over the world.

What are some myths I should beware of?

There is a lot of myth spreading (faster than the disease) about possible cures for COVID-19. Beware of such news and verify before joining the carriers of such news. Some of them include

  • COVID-19 can be cured with salt and water or alcohol
  • It can be destroyed by the heat of the sun as such can not survive in a tropical climate like Nigeria.
  • Holding your breath for 10 seconds without coughing or feeling discomfort means you’re free from COVID-19.

Check out more of such myths here.

How long will this last

Viruses come and go. While we can’t tell you when this one will go, we are optimistic and confident in the power of our unified effort in fighting this disease and overcoming it.

Does Nigeria have the capacity to diagnose COVID-19?

As at the time of writing this, there are laboratories in Nigeria with this capacity. Keep track of new laboratories (and those near you here) here.

Is there a confirmed case in Nigeria?

The first case of COVID-19 was confirmed on the 27th of February 2020. See exactly how many people are infected and have recovered in your state here.

Is there a confirmed recovery case in Nigeria

Yes. The good news is you can keep track of exactly how many people who have recovered in Nigeria and your state here.

About the author

John Emoavwodua

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